LIST OF COURSES

The courses listed below are offered in the department.

UNDERGRAUATE B.Sc.Hons (Chemistry)DEGREE PROGRAMME

100 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM111 General Chemistry I 3 Core
CHM113 Organic Chemistry I 3 Core
CHM 113P Practical Chemistry I 0 Core
MTH110 Algebra and Trigonometry 3 Mandatory
MTH112 Calculus 3 Mandatory
PHY111 Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Properties Of Matter 3 Mandatory
PHY109 Practical Physics 2 Mandatory
GST111 Use of English 2 Core
GST112 Philosophy and Logic 2 Core
PBB 111 Introduction to plant Biology 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 24

100 LEVEL

SECOND SEMESTER  
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM122 General Chemistry II 3 Core
CHM124 Organic Chemistry II 3 Core
CHM122P Practical Chemistry I 0 Core
MTH125 Differential Equations and Dynamics 3 Mandatory
PHY124 Electromagnetism and Modern Physics 4 Mandatory
GST121 Use of English II 2 Core
GST122 Nigeria People and Culture 2 Core
GST123 History and Phylosophy of Science 2 Core
PBB 122 Introduction to plan Biology 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 22
At least 3 credits of electives from PHY113 (3credits), CSC 110 (3credits), AEB 111(4credits), AEB122 (4credits), CSC120(3credits).

NOTE:    NUC BMAS: 4 credits GST, 6 credits MTH, 6 credits PHY, 6 credits BIO, and 8 credits CHM.

Change:

  1. Separation of the practical content, allows the Department to optimise reagents for those willing.
  2. MTH 123 (statistics) now elective. To accommodate 6 Bio credits

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM205 Chemistry Practical II 0 Core
CHM211 Organic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM213 Physical Chemistry I 3 Core
CHM 214  Environmental Chemistry 2 Core
CHM215 Chemistty and Technology of Lipids 2 Mandatory
CHM217 Soil Chemistry 2 Elective
CSC212 Symbolic Programming in FORTRAN 3 Mandatory
MTH218 Mathematical Methods I 3 Mandatory
MTH230 Linear Algebra 3 Mandatory
PHY209 Practical Physics 2 Elective
Total Credits 17(E4)

200 LEVEL

SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM205 Chemistry Practical 1I 2 Core
CHM221 Inorganic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM222 Carbohydrate and Protein Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM223 Physical Chemistry II 3 Core
CHM224 Analytical Chemistry 2 Core
CHM225 Introduction to Petroleum and Coal Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM227 Introduction to Mineral Processing 2 Elective
CHM228 Organic Chemistry II 2 Core
PHY224 Electromagnetism & Electronics 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 19 (E2)
 At least 4 credits Electives from  CSC211 (3credits), CSC220, AEB211, BCH210 (4credits), PBB244 (3credits), PBB211 (2credits), PHY209 (2credits), PHY212 (2credits), PHY223 (2credits), MTH 212 (3credits), MTH219 (3credits) MTH 228 (3credits),

NOTE:     NUC BMAS – 4 credits CSC, 5 credits MTH, 6 credits PHY, 5 credits GST, and 10 credits CHM.

Changes: CHM 316, 317, 328 and 323 now CHM 215, 216, 217 and 223. Reduction of content of CHM113 added to CHM 225.MTH219 is elective as MTH 123 is elective. PHY209 now elective

300 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM310 Practical Organic Chemistry 2 Core
CHM311 Aromatic and Alicyclic chemistry 3 Core
CHM312 Inorganic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM313 Stereochemistry and Hetero Compounds 3 Mandatory
CHM314 Instrumental Methods of Analysis 3 Mandatory
CHM315 Physical Chemistry 3 2 Core
CHM316 Practical Analytical & Inorganic  Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM317 Practical Physical Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM318 Polymer and Rubber Science and Technology 3 Elective
CHM319 Molecular structure and symmetry 2 Mandatory
CED 300 Entrepreneurship 2 Core
Total Credits 23
At least 2 credits of electives
SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
  SIWES   Industrial Attachment   03   Core
Total Credits 03

Changes: CHM318 and CHM319 merged into CHM318

400 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM405 Current Trends in Chemistry 3 Core
CHM411 Organic Reaction Mechanism 3 Core
CHM412 Coordination Chemistry 3 Core
CHM413 Structure, Bonding and Chemical Kinetics 3 Core
CHM414 Applied Spectroscopy 3 Core
CHM415 Molecular Spectroscopy 2 Elective
CHM416 Heterogeneous Catalysis 2 Mandatory
CHM417 Mineral Processing 2 Elective
CHM418 Processing and Properties of  Polymer 3 Elective
CHM419 Organic  Synthesis 3 Mandatory
CHM499 Final Year Project 0 Core
Total Credits 25
                SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM421 Chemical Technology 3 Elective
CHM423 Industrial Management 3 Elective
CHM424 Natural  Products 2 Mandatory
CHM425 Statistical Thermodynamics 2 Mandatory
CHM426 Chemical Principles of Food Processing 2 Elective
CHM427 Petrochemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM428 Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM429 Fibre Science and colour chemistry 3 Elective
CHM499 Final Year Project 6 Core
Total Credits 22

ii.            UNDERGRAUATE B.Sc.Hons (Industrial Chemistry) DEGREE PROGRAMME

100 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM111 General Chemistry 1 3 Core
CHM113 Organic Chemistry 1 2 Core
CHM102P Practical Chemistry I 0 Core
MTH110 Algebra and Trigonometry 3 Mandatory
MTH112 Calculus 3 Mandatory
PHY111 Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Properties Of Matter 3 Mandatory
PHY109 Practical Physics 2 Mandatory
GST111 Use of English 2 Core
GST112 Philosophy and Logic 2 Core
PBB 111 Introduction to plant Biology 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 23
SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM122 General Chemistry II 2 Core
CHM124 Organic Chemistry II 3 Core
CHM102P Practical Chemistry I 2 Core
MTH125 Differential Equations and Dynamics 3 Mandatory
PHY124  Electromagnetism & Modern Physics 3 Mandatory
GST121 Use of English II 2 Core
GST122 Nigerian People and Culture 2 Core
GST123 History and Philosophy Of Science 2 Core
PBB 122 Introduction to plant Biology 11 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 22
At least 3 credits of electives from PHY 113 (3credits), CSC 110 (3credits), MTH 123 (3credits), GLY110(3credits), GLY120 (3credits), CSC 120(3credits).

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM205 Chemistry Practical II 0 Core
CHM211 Organic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM213 Physical Chemistry I 3 Core
CHM214 Environmental Chemistry 2 Core
CHM215 Chemistry and Technology of Lipids 2 Mandatory
CHM217 Soil Chemistry 2 Elective
MTH218 Mathematical Method I 3 Mandatory
MTH230 Linear Algebra 3 Mandatory
CSC212 Symbolic Programming in FORTRAN 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 21(E2)
SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM205 Chemistry Practical II 2 Core
CHM221 Inorganic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM222 Carbohydrate and Protein Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM223 Physical Chemistry II 3 Core
CHM224 Analytical Chemistry 2 Core
CHM225 Introduction to Petroleum and Coal Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM226 Industrial Chemical Process 2 Mandatory
CHM227 Introduction to Mineral Processing 2 Mandatory
CHM228 Organic Chemistry II 2 Core
PHY224 Electromagnetism & Electronics 3 Mandatory
Total Credits 23(E2)
At least 4 credits Electives from  CSC211 (3credits), CSC220, AEB211, BCH210 (4credits), PBB244 (3credits), PBB211 (2credits), PHY209 (2credits), PHY212 (2credits), PHY223 (2credits), MTH212 (3credits), MTH219 (3credits), MTH 228 (3credits),

300 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM310 Practical Organic Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM311 Aromatic and Alicyclic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM312 Inorganic Chemistry 3 Core
CHM313 Stereochemistry and Heterocompounds 3 Elective
CHM314 Instrumental Methods of Analysis 3 Mandatory
CHM315 Physical Chemistry 3 Core
CHM316 Practical Analytical and Inorganic Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM317 Practical Physical Chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM318 Polymer and Rubber Science and Technology 3 Mandatory
CHM319 Molecular Structure and Symmetry 2 Elective
CHM331 Industrial Chemistry Practical 2 Mandatory
CED300 Entrepreneurship 2 Core
Total Credits 24(E5)
SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
  SIWES   Industrial Attachment   3   Core
Total Credits 03

400 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM405 Current Trends in  Chemistry 3 Core
CHM411 Organic Reaction Mechanism 3 Core
CHM412 Coordination Chemistry 3 Core
CHM413 Structure, bonding and Chemical Kinetics 3 Core
CHM414 Applied Spectroscopy 3 Core
CHM415 Molecular Spectroscopy 2 Elective
CHM416 Heterogeneous Catalysis 2 Elective
CHM417 Mineral Processing 2 Mandatory
CHM418 Processing & Properties of Polymer 3 Mandatory
CHM419 Organic Synthesis 3 Elective
CHM431 Instrument Methods of Analysis 3 Mandatory
CHM499 Final Year Project 0 Core
Total Credits 23(E7)
SECOND SEMESTER
Course Code Title Credit Status
CHM421 Chemical Technology 3 Mandatory
CHM422 Polymers: Properties & application 3 Mandatory
CHM423 Industrial Management 2 Mandatory
CHM424 Natural Products 2 Elective
CHM425 Statistical Thermodynamics 2 Elective
CHM426 Chemical Principles of Food Processing 2 Mandatory
CHM427 Petrochemistry 2 Elective
CHM428 Radiochemistry and Nuclear chemistry 2 Mandatory
CHM429 Fibre Science and colour chemistry 3 Elective
CHM499 Final Year Project 6 Core
Total Credits 18(E9)

COURSE DESCRIPTION


CHM 111 General Chemistry 1 3 Credits
a) Relationships of chemistry to other sciences. Atoms, subatomic particles, isotopes, molecules, Avogadro’s number. Mole concept. Dalton’s theory. Modern concepts of atomic theory. Laws of chemical combination. Relative atomic masses.
b) Introduction to nuclear reactions. Nuclear binding energy, fission and fusion reactions.
c) States of matter: Gases, gas laws. General gas equation. Liquids and solids. Introduction to lattice structure. Isomorphism. Giant molecules.
d) Introduction to the Periodic Table. Hydrogen and hydrides. Chemistry of Groups O, I, II elements. Acid – Base properties of oxides.


CHM 113 Organic Chemistry I 2 Credits
A General introduction
i. Introduction: Definition of Organic Chemistry. Functional groups.
ii. General procedure for isolation and purification of organic compounds.
iii. Determination of structure of organic compounds. Elemental analysis percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, structural formula.
iv. Isomerism. Structural isomerism and stereo isomerism (Geometrical and Optical).
v. Electronic theory in organic chemistry. Hybridization leading to formation of carbon, carbon single, double and triple bonds. Hydrogen bonding, electronegativity, dipole moment polarization, bond energy. Inductive and resonance effects.
B. Non-polar functional Group Chemistry
i. Alkanes: Structure and physical properties. Nomenclature: Common ( trivial ) names. IUPAC names of classes of compounds.
i. Substitution actions including mechanism.
ii. Alkenes: Structure and physical properties. Reaction: addition (of H2, X2 HX, H2O, O3, etc). ; oxidation polymerization.
iii. Alkynes: Structure. Acidity of acetylenic hydrogen. Reaction; addition of H2, X2, H2O, etc. Test of alkynes.
iv. Benzene: Structure and aromaticity of Benzene. Introduction to electrophilic substitution reactions.


CHM 122 General Chemistry II 2 Credits
Acid, Bases and Salts. Quantitative and qualitative analysis. Theory of volumetric analysis – operations and methods. Calculations; Mole, Molarity Molality. Behaviour of electrolytes. Water. Colligative properties. Ostwald’s dilution law. Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry, Lewis concepts and applications. Buffers. introduction to reaction rates. Equilibria and equilibrium constants. Solubility products. Common effects. Precipitation reactions. Chemistry of Redox reactions


CHM 124 – Organic Chemistry II 3 Credits
A Polar functional group chemistry
i. Hydroxyl group – Alcohols and phenols. Classification Acidity – comparison. Important methods of preparation and reactions. Tests for alcohols and phenols. Importance.
ii. Carbonyl group – Aldehydes and ketones : Important methods of preparation, physical properties and reactions: Reduction and oxidation (KMnO4, K2Cr2O7, Tollen’s reagent. Fehling’s, Benedict), Addition (NaHSO3, HCN, Grignard reagent, ammonia derivatives), Aldol formation and Haloform reaction. Tests for aldehydes and ketone.
iii. Carboxylic group: Monocarboxylic acids. Structure, physical properties, acidity and resonance. Important methods of preparation – (from alcohols, aromatic hydrocarbons, Grignard reagent). Reactions with bases. Conversion to esters, amides, halides and anhydrides. Test for carboxylic acids and importance.
iv. Carboxylic acid derivatives: Anhydrides, acid halides, esters and amides. Change in reactivity when –OH is replaced by OCOR, -X, -OR. –NR2, reactions with water, alcohols, ammonia, amines, LiAlH4, NaBH4. Test for esters.
v. Amino group – Amines. Structure. Physical properties. Important methods of preparation. Basicity and salt formation. Reaction with acids, alkylation, acylation, with nitrous acids. Heinsberg method of separation. Test for amines. Importance.
B Miscellaneous
i) Fats and oils: definition, importance, saponification. Soaps and detergents. Mode of cleaning action. Use in paints and vanishes.
ii) Amino acids and proteins: Definition, classification, essential amino acids, special properties and reactions, isoelectric point. Tests and importance.
iii) Carbohydrates: Definition, classification, Importance, nomenclature. Structure and reactions of glucose. Mutarotation. Tests.
iv) Natural Products: Main classes (other than lipids, carbohydrates and proteins): Steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids and prostaglandins: Definition, importance and examples.


CHM 122 – Practical Chemistry I 2 Credits
Simple qualitative and quantitative analysis (including volumetric analysis).
Use of simple techniques for isolation and purification: Recrystallization and distillation of simple organic compounds, paper chromatography. Melting point and boiling point determination. Elemental analysis.


CHM 205 – Chemistry Practical II 2 Credits
a) Qualitative analysis for anions and cations. Experiments in kinetics. Surface chemistry and thermochemistry.
b) Separation based on solubility. Tests for functional groups. Use of simple techniques for purification, e.g steam distillation; fractional distillation. Preparation of simple esters, aldehydes, ketone, and amines. Hydrolysis of esters.


CHM 211 – Organic Chemistry 3 Credits
Isomerism and Conformation : Stereoisomerism, geometric isomerism : E, Z notation for geometrical isomerism. Optical isomerism due to asymmetric carbon atom. Enantiomorph, diaesteroisomers, mesoforms, racemic form. Measurement of optical activity. Methods of resolution of racemic forms. R. S. specification. Conformation isomerism. Factors affecting the availability of electrons (Inductive, hyperconjugation and resonance effect). Factors affecting structure and properties of organic compounds.
Introduction to organic reaction mechanism. Classification of reagents and reactions. Nucleophilic reaction at saturated carbon: Substitution and Elimination reactions. Mechanism of esterification and hydrolysis.
Reactive intermediates: Carbenes, nitrenes, sulphenes (Preparation and reactions)
Pre-requisite: CHM113and 124


CHM 213 – Physical Chemistry I 2 Credits
The state of matter. The equations of states. The molecular mass of gases. The kinetic molecular theory. Mean free path. Molecular diameter of gases. Collision frequency and distribution of molecular velocity. Phase changes liquefaction of gases.
Chemical Kinetics. Concept of reaction, rate methods of measuring reaction rates. Order and molecularity of reactions. Order of reaction. Detailed derivation and application of the rate expression for first and second orders of reaction. Third order reaction. Experimental methods of determining order of reaction. Factors influencing reaction rate. Activation energy. Arrhenius equation and its applications.
Elementary treatment of fast reactions and the theories of reaction rate. Introduction to catalysis (Homogeneous & Heterogeneous).


Pre-requisite: CHM111& 122
CHM 214 – Environmental Chemistry 3 Credits
a) Components of the total environments: air, water, land, their natural forms. Causes of environment impairment.
Air Pollution
(a) The atmosphere: the atmospheric gases: pollution from natural sources (volcanoes etc) human activities (burning of fossil fuel, automobile exhaust emissions, etc); the ozone layer, atmospheric particulate matter.
(b) Environmental impact of air pollution: Green house effects of air pollutants (NO, SO2, CO, particulate matter, etc).
(c) Air quality: Ambient air quality standards. Emission standards. Air quality assessment / pollutant measurements. Control / treatment industry emitted gases.
Water Pollution
a. Sources
b. Water and waste water characteristics and their measurements. WHO standards. Industrial water supply. Introduction to waste water treatment.
Land Pollution and Recycling
a) Solid waste: Effects on solid and water. Solid waste management.
b) Wastes treatment for recycling (re – use). Liquid wastes (sewage, industrial effluent) treatments for re – use.
c) Biodegradable organic wastes for composition to serve as organic manure.


CHM 215 – Chemistry and technology of Lipids 2 Credits
Definition and classification of lipids. Role and use of lipids in foods. Glyceride composition and structure. Physical characteristics of lipids. Chemical reactions of lipids. Lipid oxidation and antioxidants. Technology of processing fats and oils. Effects of processing on functional properties and nutritive value.


CHM 217 – Soil Chemistry 2 Credits
Colloid chemistry and surface properties of soils. Chemical and physical make up of soils of Nigeria. Macronutrients and micronutrient. Depletion and replenishment of nutrients under different kinds of cultivation. Fertilizer requirements. Selected economic aspects of fertilizer importance and manufacture


CHM 221 – Inorganic Chemistry 3 Credits
a. Atomic structure and periodic classification of elements. Periodicity of atomic properties: atomic and ionic radii, electronegativity, dissociation and hydration energies.

b. Theories of valency. Ionic lattices and molecular shapes. Oxo-acids, their structure and properties. Binary compounds. Structural treatment of borides, nitrides, carbides, oxide and halide.
c. Theory of classical analytic chemistry. Qualitative methods of analysis. Gravimetry – determination of the solid, liquid and volatile content of materials. Theory of precipitation process. Precipitation gravimetry. Volumetric analysis – acid – base titrations. Redox titrations, non- aqueous solvents. Complexometric titrations. Ionic equilibra, acids, buffers. Applications of classical analytic techniques.
Pre-requisite: CHM 122


CHM 222 – Carbohydrates and Protein Chemistry 2 Credits
Chemistry of sugars and proteins. Configuration of monosaccharide, disaccharides and polysaccharide. Different chemical types and reactions. Proteins: Amino acids. Peptide and protein structure. Reactions, tests. Current trends in protein chemistry 


CHM 223 – Physical Chemistry II 2 Credits
i. Fundamental (length, time, etc) and derived (areas, volume, pressure, etc) quantities: SI system of units. Thermodynamic systems, processes (reversible, irreversible) and properties (intensive, extensive ).
ii. First law of thermodynamics heat, work and internal energy change, isothermal and adiabatic process for ideal and real gases; heat capacities; applications of first law of thermodynamics.
iii. Thermochemistry heats of reaction, formation combustion, etc. Calorimetry Hess’ law. Enthalpy and its methods of measurements. Thermochemical interpretation of chemical reactions.
iv. Second law of thermodynamics : spontaneous process. Entropy. Carrot cycle. Gibb’s free energy. Gibbs – Helmohlthz equation and its applications. Principles and applications of free energy concepts in determining spontaneity of a reaction. Systems in equilibrium.
v. Third law of the thermodynamics; tests and uses of third law. Evaluation of total entropy change in a system.


CHM 224 – Analytical Chemistry 3 Credits
Theory of sampling, Sampling and Sample Pre-treatment; Chemical methods of analysis including volumetric and Physiochemical methods;Distillation and rectification; the McCabe – Thiele graphic method and pouchon-savarit method. Solvent extraction. Theory of error and statistical treatment of data. Potentiometric and pH methods ; Conductometric methods. Electrolytic analytical methods. Radiochemical methods, Chromatographic Methods. GC-MS. Gel filtration, ion exchange and electrophoresis.


CHM 225 – Introduction to Petroleum and Coal
Chemistry (The Fossil Fuels ) 2 Credits
Origin of formation of petroleum, and natural gas and coal; composition and classification of petroleum. Global distribution of petroleum and natural gas resources (with emphasis on the Nigerian situation). Desalting of crude petroleum. Petroleum refining; Processes for purification of refinery gases and liquid petroleum fractions. Processes for increasing the yield of gasoline – catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, thermal cracking. Octane number. Production of gasoline from refinery gases. Processes for increasing the octane number of gasoline.Coal: Origin, Classification and Properties and uses of coal. Distribution of coal in Nigeria.


CHM 226 – Industrial Chemical Process 2 Credits
Production of primary intermediates and synthesis of industrial organic chemicals; Polymers, adhesives, dyes, explosive, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, flavouring agents and pharmaceutical. Fermentation process.


CHM 227 – Introduction to Mineral Processing 2 Credits
The occurrence and important world source of economic minerals Methods of extraction and purification of minerals. Mineral Processing communition, particle sizing, concentration, solid liquid separations physical reforming and chemical processing influence of physical properties of minerals. The physical and chemical processing and utilization of the ores of iron. Lead, tin, zinc and uranium.


CHM 228 – Organic Chemistry II 2 Credits
i. Aldol and related reactions, Grignard reactions
ii. Mechanism of esterification and hydrolysis
iii. Reactive intermediates: carbenes, nitrenes, sulphenes, preparation and reactions
iv. Important methods of preparation and reactions of bifunctional compounds viz: dienes, glycols, hydroxyl-, halogeno-, keto- and unsaturated carboxylic acids. Organic syntheses. Importance.
Pre-requisite (CHM II3 and CHM 124)


CHM 310 – Practical Organic Chemistry 2 Credits
a. Characterization and estimation of functional group in organic compounds.
b. Preparation of derivatives of organic compounds.
c. Preparation of simple organic compounds including Grignard reaction, Diels Alder reaction.


CHM 311 – Aromatic and Alicyclic Chemistry 3 Credits
a. Benzene; Natural occurrence, properties, stability of benzene. Canonical structures of benzene; kekule. Dewall. Aromaticity classical treatment, comparism of aromatic and non-aromatic systems.
b. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Types, occurrence. Canonical forms Reactivity of different positions in naphthalene, phenanthene and anthracene.
c. Important aromatic compounds; amines, amides, acids, phenols, aldehydes, ketones and diazonium compounds and derivatives. Natural sources, synthesis and properties.
d. Nucleophilic substitution reaction in aromatic systems
e. Alicyclic compounds: Types of compounds. Nomenclature of polycyclic alkanes; synthesis of alicyclic compounds and special reactions; strain theory. Conformational analysis
Pre-requisite: CHM211


CHM 312 – Inorganic Chemistry 2 Credits
The chemistry of the group (0 – 7) elements and emphasis is on correlation between theoretical concepts and experimental findings. Chemistry of transition elements, first, second and third series. Lanthanides and actinides. Hydrides, electron deficient compounds and boron chemistry. Introduction to radiochemistry.


CHM 313 – Stereochemistry and Hetero Compounds 3Credits
a) Stereochemistry of compounds – with symmetric carbon – biphenyls. R, S specification of configuration.
b) Important methods of preparation and reactions of bifunctional compounds: glycols, halogen-acids, hydroxyl acid, dicarboxyclic acids, unsaturated acids, Lacto ketones and epoxides. Importance in synthesis of some organic compounds.
c) Simple hetero-compounds containing one, two or three hetero-atoms: nomenclature, synthesis and simple reactions.


CHM 314 – Instrumental Methods of Analysis 3 Credits
Optical methods of analysis: photometric titration photoluminescence spectroscopy, turbidity and nephelometry, fluorescence and phosphorescence. Flame emission and atomic absorption spectrometry, flame photometry.
Electrochemical methods, differential thermal analysis, potentiometric titration, voltametryamperometric titration methods, coulometry, polarographic technique, electrogravimetric methods. Differential thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry. 


CHM 315 – Physical Chemistry III 2 Credits
a. Phase equilibra: thermodynamics of phase equilibria with one, two and three components. Mixture of two liquids – ideal system and Raoult’s law. Partition coefficients: Henry and Raoult law.
b. Surface Chemistry: colloids emulsion and foams. Adhesion and surface tension: contact angles and measurement, application of tensions. Adsorption: types of adsorption, Gibb absorption equations: isotherms. Heat of adsorption.
c. Electrochemistry conductance ionic theory. Debye – Huckel theory conductance at infinite dilution. Electrochemical cells, electrode potential Nernst equation applied electrochemistry; electrochemistry refining of copper electrolysis of alkyl halide, corrosion as an electrolysis of alkyl halide, corrosion as an electrochemical process.
CHM 316 – Practical, Analytical & Inorganic Chemistry 2 Credits
Preparation of complex inorganic compounds. Chromatographic techniques. Gravimetric analysis and precipitation titration. Potentiometric titration. Flame photometry, polarimetry and refractometry


CHM317 – Practical Physical Chemistry 2 Credits
Phase equilibra. Electrochemistry – conductivity measurements. Absorption from solutions. Thermochemistry of neutralization reactions.


CHM 318 -Polymer and Rubber Science And Technology 3 Credits
a) Monomer, polymers, copolymers, polymers architecture (i. e. Structure), conformation of molecular chain etc). General methods of polymerization. Natural polymers, rubber, cellulose, wool, etc.
b) Linear chain Growth polymerization: Radical initiators. Mechanism of chain growth polymerization, chain transfer, branching, inhibition and retardation logic initiators, living polymers kinetics of chain growth polymerization. Auto acceleration copolymerization, kinetics of emulsion polymerization. Ring opening reactions.
c) Linear step – Growth polymerization. Reaction types. Reactivity, stoichiometry kinetics, extends of reactions, molar mass relationships, Gelation.
d) Rubber latex technology. Principles of rubber compounding . Rubber processing additives. Cross – linking agents, accelerators.
e) Molar mass characterization, light scattering osmometry viscometry, etc, optical techniques.
CHM 319 – Molecular structure and symmetry 2 Credits
Schroedinger equation; Helium atom; Ground and excited States, Spin and Pauli Principle; Hydrogen molecule, Comparison of molecular orbital and valence bond theory, concept of resonance and configuration interaction; Coulson Fischer function; Molecular orbitals for diatomic molecules. Simple pi – electron theory, Huckel theory; Walsh rules; Rotational, Vibrational and Electronic Spectra; Applications for determining bond lengths and angles; Brief mention of other methods; Atomic spectra; Russel Saunders Coupling; Orbital and spin angular momentum; Use of symmetry in Chemistry.


CHM 331 Industrial Chemistry Practical 2 Credits
Food analysis processing. Polymer Science practical. Fastness properties of locally available dyes. Practical in extractive metallurgy.


CHM 405 – Current Trends in Chemistry 3 Credits
a) Current topics in industrial chemistry
b) Climate change, the environment and Green chemistry
c) Nanochemistry
d) Computational chemistry and other current topics


CHM 411 – Organic Reaction Mechanism 3 Credits
Methods of determining reaction mechanism. Critical treatment of nucleophilic substitution of saturated carbon and neighbouring group participation. Electrophilic addition to multiple bonds. Elimination reactions. Electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic substitution. Molecular rearrangements. Radical reactions.


CHM 412 – Coordination Chemistry 3 Credits
Definition, recognition and applications of coordination compounds. Nomenclature. Coordination formula and isomerism in organic complexes. Stereochemistry of complex molecules. Theories of structure and bonding. Physical methods of structural investigation. Spectrochemical series. The Naphelauxetic series and the John-Teller distortions. Stabilization of unusual oxidation states by complex stability constant, the chelate effect. Preparation and reactions of complexes, kinetics and mechanism. 


CHM 413 – Structure bonding and Chemical kinetics 3Credits
a. Complex reaction systems; distinction from elementary reactions. Examples of complete reactions. Concurrent reactions, opposing reactions, consecutive reactions. Radical reactions.
b. Theories of reaction rates: collision theory and absolute (Transition state) theory. Relationship between the two theories. Theory of unimolecular reactions. Lindermann’s theory, modifications and treatments by Hinshelwood, RRK, slater and RRKM.
c. Radiation induced Chemical Reactions: Photochemistry: Quantum yields, fluorescence and phosphorescence, photosensitisation, flash photolysis applications.
d. Radiation chemistry: interaction of radiation with matter, ions and electrons. Radiolysis. Applications.


CHM 414 – Applied Spectroscopy 3 Credits
The origin of spectra, wave length, wave number, frequency and quatum relations. Laws of absorption principles, instrumentation and application of IR, UV, NMR, Mass spectroscopic techniques in the determination of structures of compounds.


CHM 415 – Molecular Spectroscopy 2 Credits
Quantum theory of rotation and vibration. Theory of microwave, IR, RAMAN, UV, Visible and NMR spectroscopy. Theory of electronic absorption and emission (fluorescence and phosphorescence) spectral intensities, energies and polarizations General introduction to electron spin resonance, Mossbauer effect, nuclear quadruple resonance and other modern techniques.


CHM 416 – Heterogeneous Catalysis 2 Credits
Characteristics of heterogenous catalysts. Mechanism of catalyst reactions. Catalysed heterogenous reactions. Reactions and diffusion within porous catalysts. External diffusion, pore diffusion. Poisoning of catalysts. Rate equation in terms of quantity of catalysts. Surface reactions. Catalysis by solid surfaces, slightly, moderately and strongly adsorbed reactant gases. Retarded reactions. Costs related to poisoning and reactivation. Examples of catalytic polymerization and catalysed chemical reactions.  


CHM 417- Mineral Processing 2 Credits
Chemical processing of minerals. Hydrometallurgical processes, halogen processes and metallurgy. High temperature processes and metallurgical themochemistry. Characterization and utilization of clays and other ceramic materials (Emphasis on Nigeria clay deposits).


CHM 418- Processing and Properties of Polymer 3 Credits
a. Rheology of polymer melts and polyblends. Application of rheological and heat transfer equations in analyzing polymer processing operations. Mixing, basic concepts and characterization of mixing power requirements.
b. Review of polymer processing methods, solution application. Extrusion: extruder-based processes. Machine construction. Extrusion line layout. Extrusion blow molding, principles, mold features, design. Process variables. Theoretical analysis of cavity filling. Other processes: calendaring thermoforming, etc.
c. Chain Statistics and Structure: Freely-jointed chain and the Gaussian distribution; mean-square end –to-end distance and radius of gyration. Rotational isomeric-state model. Excluded volume.
d. Glass Transition Temperature:Bond rotation and energy barriers, free volume. Relation of chemical structure to Tg plasticization, secondary transitions, measurement of transitions.
e. Crystallization: Morhpology, nucleation, crystal growth, spherulite formation. Avram kinetics. melting behaviour.
f. Rubber-like state: Statistical molecular theories, single chain network theory, stress-strain relation for extension, compression and shear; thermodynamic analysis.
g. Time-Dependent Mechanical Behaviour: Creep; stress relaxation, linear viscoelasticity, spring and dashpot models, relaxation, spectra, Boltzman superposition principles; time-temperation superposition.
h. Anisotropy, Yield and Fracture: Polymer orientation, mathematical description, experimental studies on polymer films and fibres yield criteria, necking and cold-drawing. Fracture and fatigue.
i. Degradation Behaviour of Polymers: Reactions and processes of thermal oxidative and photochemical degradation. 


CHM 419 – Organic Synthesis 3 Credits
Critical review of important reactions, reagents and methods including mechanisms in synthetic organic chemistry. Applications for synthesis of important and complex organic compounds.
Survey of the organometallic chemistry of the representative elements. Preparations, reactions and uses.


CHM 421 – Chemical Technology 3 Credits
a) Unit Operations. Heat transfer: classification of heat processes, conduction, convection and radiation, Fourier’s law, surface coefficient and overall coefficients. Heat exchangers and applications in chemical industry.
b) Material transfer: Basic principles, material balances, Basis and Units, Economic and technical factors in scaling up laboratory experiments. Properties and materials of construction. Instrumentation, control and Plant scale – up. Types of reactors: batch, flow and cascade (multi batch reactors). Reactor design and optimization.
c) Potential raw materials and major sources of raw materials for chemical manufacture. Treatment of experimental data.
d) Elements of chemical engineering design. Treatment of some industrial inorganic and organic industrial chemical processes; Industrial production of ammonia, sulphuric acid, nitric acid.
e) Hazards and Safety in Chemical industry


CHM 422 Polymer: properties and applications 3 Credits


CHM 423 – Industrial Management 3 Credits
Fundamentals of investment evaluation. Fixed investment, working capital, fixed capital. Cost estimate, unit and instrumental cost. Fixed capital control. Manufacturing cost estimation and cost control. Profitability control and calculation of returns on investment. Modern industrial analysis and planning. Introduction to management. Modern industrial organization. Principles of modern management, process planning and evaluation of work.


CHM 424 – Natural Products 2 Credits
Chemistry of terpenoids, steroids and alkaloids. General methods of 0isolation, separation purification and structural determination of natural products. Classifications. Discussion of the chemistry of important natural products, their applications and biogenesis


CHM 425 – Statistical Thermodynamics 2 Credits
Microstates and randomness. Ensembles, probability and distribution functions statistical thermodynamics of gases. The calculation of the modynamic equilibrium constants from partition functions. Statistical thermodynamics of monatomic solids; introduction to Fermi-Dirac and Dose-Einstein statistics


CHM 426- Chemical Principles Of Food Processing 2 Credits
Production of sugar wings spirits beers jelly, juices, ice-cream, margarine, chocolate selected Nigerian foods, etc. Food dehydration, cooling and freezing. Food canning food additive and toxicology water activity and food stability. Chemical and physical principles governing various methods of food processing and preservation.
(Students will be required to submit term reports on selected food in lieu of actual).


CHM 427– Petrochemistry 2 Credits
Raw materials for organic chemical manufacture, potential raw materials and current major sources. Petroleum and naturals and current major sources. Petroleum and natural gas; utilization and petrochemical feed stocks. Cracking for ethylene-naphta cracking. Acethylene by cracking and other processes. Ethylene and propylene based products and processes. C – 4 streams from naphta crackers. Synthetic rubbers. Seam reforming and consequences. Aromatic hydrocarbon sources and derivatives.


CHM 428 – Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry 2 Credits
Natural radioactions, fission and fusion. Decay processes. Nature of radiation. Nuclear models, energetic of nuclear reactions. Principles and measurement of radioactivity. Applications of radioactivity: activation analysis, isotope exchange reactions, isotope dilution and trace analysis in kinetic and equilibria studies. Radiation hazards.
CHM 429 – Fibre Science and colour Chemistry 3 Credits


a. Terms and definitions used in Textile industry e.g denier tax, etc. General survey of the chemical composition, structure and reactivity of natural and man made fibres. Preparation, properties and application of synthetic fibres and chemically modified natural fibres.
b. General survey of fibre processing techniques: melt, dry and wet spring etc. General survey of textile processing from fibre to fabric. Orientation and drawing for fibres after treatment: scouring, lubrication, sizing and bleaching Dyeing of fibres: fibre – finishing e.g water proofing, fire proofing, rot proofing etc. Testing of fibres.
c. Dyes and Pigments Classification of dyestuff and pigments. Theory of colour constitution, properties and application of dyestuffs and pigments. Reactive dyestuff, disperse dyestuff and pigments. Fluorescent dyestuff and pigments. Relationship between colour and fastness properties.


CHM 499 – Final Year Project & Seminar 6 Credits